Fabric spreading is a vital first stage in the garment manufacturing process that involves laying out fabric in layers on a flat surface. This procedure guarantees that all fabric layers are correctly aligned, laying the groundwork for high-quality garment fabrication. Fabric spreading machines have arisen as an important answer as the industry has evolved, considerably easing this procedure.

Introduction to Fabric Spreading Machines

The introduction of fabric spreading machines in the late 1960s was a big step forward in garment manufacturing. These machines automate the labor-intensive job of laying out cloth, increasing precision and productivity. Prior to their introduction, the manual process needed a substantial amount of manpower and was prone to errors, which hampered both production speed and quality.

How Fabric Spreading Machines Work

Fabric spreading machines make the procedure easier by automatically unrolling fabric onto a cutting area layer by layer. This automated procedure guarantees that each layer is placed with consistent tension and no creases, which is crucial for sustaining quality throughout the production batch. An operator supervises the process, ensuring that the fabric is free of flaws before cutting begins. This technology enables for the simultaneous cutting of numerous layers, which is required to satisfy the needs of mass production.

Before the manual spreading process even begins, 2-4 people must cut the fabric by hand, constantly realigning the fabric to ensure it is properly stacked. Between 2-6 people are required to manually spread fabric, depending on the factory size, leading to higher labor costs. To manually make a t-shirt, one layer of fabric needs to be cut to the exact size requirements using scissors, then sewed together. Manually spreading and cutting fabric is too time-consuming for the demands of mass production; wherease an automated spreader has a high travel speed of up to 90m per minute.

Fabric layers should be perfectly aligned in the exact same size. Spreading can either be carried out in a straight lay, in which all layers are cut the same length, or a stepped lay, where fabric lengths are staggered. The type of fabric lay depends on the desired style of the finished product. A thin marker is then placed on top of the fabric to ensure accurate cutting.

Advantages of Fabric Spreading Machines

Increased Efficiency: These machines can handle large volumes of fabric rapidly, significantly outpacing manual methods. This efficiency is crucial for factories looking to increase their production capacity without compromising quality.

Reduced Labor Costs: By automating the spreading process, the need for manual labor is significantly reduced. This not only lowers production costs but also reallocates human resources to more critical tasks within the manufacturing process.

Enhanced Precision: Automated spreading ensures consistent tension and alignment across all fabric layers, resulting in uniformity in the cutting process and, consequently, the final product. This precision is essential for maintaining high standards of quality.

Improved Safety: Because these machines are automated, workers experience less physical strain and are less likely to sustain injuries from manual fabric handling and cutting.

Sustainability and Waste Reduction: By ensuring precise alignment and tension, fabric spreading machines help in minimizing fabric waste, contributing to more sustainable production practices.


Fabric spreading machines have transformed garment manufacturing by increasing efficiency, precision, and safety. They represent a considerable investment in increasing production capacity and quality, as well as addressing labor costs and workplace safety concerns. As the demand for clothing continues to grow, the role of these machines in meeting production goals cannot be overstated. Their incorporation into the manufacturing process supports not only economic objectives but also advances in sustainable and ethical manufacturing practices.

OSHIMA has been a leader in fabric spreading machine manufacturing. Our expertise and dedication to innovation have led us to develop a diverse range of machines tailored to meet the specific needs of our clients. Whether you're working with woven, non-woven, knit fabrics, or require a solution that accommodates multiple fabric types, OSHIMA has you covered. We also offer machines equipped with the latest cloud-enabled features, guaranteeing that our clients stay at the forefront of fabric spreading technology.

For businesses seeking to improve their garment production process with machines that offer efficiency, precision, and versatility, OSHIMA is the reliable partner you can count on. Get in touch with us to discover our wide selection of fabric spreading machines and find the ideal match for your manufacturing requirements.